Fedora 12 Configuration Guide

November 30, 2009

Version: Fedora 12 (32-bit/64-bit)

Updating Fedora

  • Updating Fedora is as easy as Windows and it is automated. You will notice a message indicate that you need to update the OS.
  • Follow the direction in the message will bring to the update manager and follow the instruction.
  • You can also use command yum to update the system. Open a terminal window, type $su
  • Enter root password
  • Type #yum update

Installation and Configuration of Commonly used Applications

  • Most of the popular applications are preloaded with Fedora; you might need to add some plug-ins.
  • For additional software you can install using System >> Administration >> Add/Remove Software. The utility will search for the application you intended, download it and install it automatically.
  • You can also use command line (yum) to install the software packages.
  • Fedora uses yum to install and update its software. When connected to the internet it will automatically determine application dependencies.

Configuring Yum

  • Yum automatically connect to the official mirror sites of Fedora to retrieve latest software packages.
  • You might want to add additional repositories that provide additional software. Two additional sites are recommended, one is rpmfusion.org, the other is livna.org

To setup repos from rpmfusion:

Setting up repos from livna.org

Installing Yum plugins

  • Yum has many plugins available, the default plugins is presto. This plugins reduce download time by downloading only the changes in the software packages.
  • I would also recommended you to install the fastestmirror plugin, it speeds up downloads by attempting to find faster sources.
  • To install the plugin:# yum install yum-plugin-fastestmirror

Using Yum

  • To install software using yum just use the command: #yum install <software package>
  • To find out details about the software packages use the command: #yum info <keyword/name software package>
  • You can also perform group install using #yum groupinstall

64-bit Issue

  • The following software only available in 32-bit version. If you really need them, you might want to recompiled into 64-bit.
  • Some 32-bit software such as OpenOffice runs well in 64-bit OS. Some software may have installation problem due to the difference.

o Adobe Air
o Adobe Reader
o Foxit Reader
o OpenOffice

Web Browsing

  • Firefox is preloaded with Fedora; you just need to install additional plug-ins.

Firefox Plug-ins: Google Toolbar

  • Go to the site where Google toolbar is hosted and install directly from the web.

Firefox Plug-ins: Adobe Flash Player

  • Download the yum configuration from http://get.adobe.com/flashplayer/ and select ‘YUM for Linux’
  • Save the rpm file ‘adobe-release-i386-1.0-1.noarch.rpm’. Quit your browser.
  • Open a terminal window and enter su. Enter the root password to gain root access.
  • Enter #rpm -vhi adobe-release-i386-1.0-1.noarch.rpm
  • Enter #rpm – -import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-adobe-linux
  • The above command setup the adobe repository so that you could use yum to download the lastest from adobe repository.
  • To verify the setup of the repository data make sure that the file /etc/yum.repos.d/adobe-linux-i386.repo is available
  • For 64-bit Fedora, you need to install a 32-bit plugin that will work with the 64-bit browser by being “wrapped” with nspluginwrapper. The command is:
  • #yum install flash-plugin nspluginwrapper.x86_64 nspluginwrapper.i686 alsa-plugins-pulseaudio.i686 libcurl.i686
  • For 32-bit Fedora issue the command: #yum install flash-plugin nspluginwrapper alsa-plugins-pulseaudio libcurl
  • Launch your browser to verify in the flash player is properly installed.

 

Productivity Suite

  • OpenOffice is not included in the LiveCD. To install it go to System >> Administration >> Add/Remove Software.
  • Type openoffice in the search box and click find. With the list given, select the OpenOffice package you want.

PDF Document

  • Fedora has default PDF reader (evince) so no installation is required.
  • For 32-bit OS, you might consider install Adobe PDF reader or Foxit PDF reader.
  • Fedora has built-in PDF writer; here is the direction of how to use it.
    • For Firefox, select print >> print to file, make sure you specify the document type as PDF and also specify the filename and location of the file.
    • For OpenOffice, use ‘Export to PDF’ function.
  • You will need a PDF writer if you intend to use it on any other application that do not have print to PDF or export to PDF capabilities. In this case, you need to install cups-pdf.

Playing Multimedia Files

  • To play the most common multimedia formats, including MP3, Mpeg, rm, QuickTime, WMA and WMV, you need to install additional packages; when you install VLC Media Player, yum install will includes all the necessary codec.
  • Playing DVD is more complicated because it involves restricted format. You need to install a DVD Media player and CSS Packages.
  • Although Fedora comes with Totem Movie Player, it lacks DVD functions such as navigation through the menu, titles etc. I would recommend using VLC Player or Xine.

Installing Media Player

  • To install VLC Media Player: #yum install vlc
  • To set VLC as the default player, open any File Browser. Select Edit >> Preference >> Media
  • To install Xine: #yum install xine xine-lib-extras xine-lib-extras-freeworld

Check Region Setting

  • To check your region setting you need the package “regionset”.
  • Open a terminal window with root access
  • #yum install regionset
  • After installation, from command line enter: $regionset
  • Your region setting will be shown.

Installing CSS Packages

  • To install the CSS packages use the command: #yum install libdvdcss

DVD Ripping

  • In the event you need to rip or backup your DVD; you can install various DVD ripper.
  • In this section we will install k9copy
  • #yum install k9copy
  • Please search for k9copy on direction of usage.

***

Other Installation & Configuration

Please refer to my other post on installation of Adobe AIR, Real Player, Virtual Box and Compiz.

Installing Compiz on Fedora 12

Installing Adobe AIR on Fedora 12

Installing Real Player on Fedora 12

Installing Virtual Box on Fedora 12

Automation (Scripts)

I have created some script files to facilitates installation. Make sure you read the comment in the scripts carefully and hash out any command or installation you do not want to include.

If you are very new to Linux, it is best you follow the instructions in the above section. These script files is more suitable for seasoned Linux users.

You can download all the script files from here:

Software Update & Installation (32-bit/64-bit)

Installing Adobe Flash Player (32-bit/64-bit)

Installing Adobe AIR (32-bit/64-bit)

Installing Real Player (32-bit/64-bit)

Installing Compiz (32-bit/64-bit)

Installing VirtualBox (32-bit/64-bit)

Installing VirtualBox Guest Additions (32-bit/64-bit)

Note: To run the script, use a terminal with root access and navigate to the location where the script is kept and just type #./scriptname or $sudo ./scriptname

End.


Fedora 12 Installation Guide using LiveCD

November 30, 2009

Version: Fedora 12 (32-bit or 64-bit version)

Downloading Fedora

  • You can download the latest Fedora distribution at http://fedoraproject.org/en/get-fedora
  • Download the LiveCD. Select the version you want. For 32-bit version, the file name is ‘Fedora-12-i686-Live.iso’ and for 64-bit version, the file name is ‘Fedora-12-x86_64-Live.iso’.

Burning Fedora into CD

  • Then you proceed to burn the ISO image to the disc.
  • You can use the ISO image if you are installing on a virtual machine.

Testing Fedora

  • To test out this version of Fedora boot with the LiveCD and preview the software without making any changes to the hard disk.
  • You can check if any of your hardware is not being recognized, before you proceed for installation.

Installing Fedora

  • Click the install option on the desktop after you are satisfy with the evaluation.

  • You need to select the language

  • Then you need to select the host name. For home user leave it at default.

  • Select your time zone.

  • Then you need to set root password.

  • You need to configure the disk partition.

Hard Disk Partition

  • If you have only one primary drive, you should let the system configure the drive.
  • If you are having mixed partition with the Windows File System; then you need to configure the partition yourself.

Default Configuration of Disk Partition

Manual Configuration of Disk Partition

  • Select Create custom Layout

  • Create 1 partition using ext4 file format with mount point ‘/’
  • Then create a logical partition for swap file. The size should be twice your available system memory.
  • Alternatively, you might consider separate partition for ‘/home’ or ‘/var’
  • The resulting configuration should be as follows:

Setting Boot Loader

  • In Fedora, the boot loader (Grub) must be loaded into sda.
  • If you indicate otherwise, the system assume you are using other boot loader as the primary boot loader, then you need to configure your primary boot loader to point to secondary boot partition for chain loading
  • For those who prefer to create every MBR in every drive, you must unplug all drives from the system while installing fedora. Note: you must physically unplug the drive as Fedora would still able to recognize any additional hard disk even if you disabled the drives using BIOS.

Completion of the Installation

  • The system will complete the installation by copying all the files required into the newly configured partition.

  • After the system completed its copy of file images, you need to reboot once in order to complete the installation.

Post Installation Setup

  • After rebooting your PC, you need to perform the final phase of setup.

  • You need to accept the license agreement.

  • You need to create a user and you are given an option to choose authentication method. For normal user, there is no need to configure authentication method.

  • You need to set date and time.

  • After which you are given a choice to send hardware profile.

  • Finally, you are prompt to login using the user you have created. At this stage the installation is complete.